Sam Houston was a prominent figure in Texas history. He is a celebrated military leader, lawyer, and politician. Houston’s contributions to the founding of Texas and leadership during its early years earned him a place in history as one of the state’s greatest heroes. Throughout his life, he faced many challenges and hardships. But he never let them define him, and instead, used them as opportunities to grow and learn.


Early Years

Sam was born on March 2, 1793, in Rockbridge County, Virginia. His early years were marked by tragedy and adversity. His father died when he was young, and he was left to be raised by his mother. In 1807, Houston left home and went to live with the Cherokee tribe in Tennessee. There, he learned their language and customs, and was later adopted into the tribe and given the name “Black Raven.”


Military Service

In 1813, Houston enlisted in the United States Army and served with distinction during the War of 1812. He was wounded at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend and was later commissioned as a lieutenant in the army, where he served on the frontier. In 1827, he resigned from the army and became a successful lawyer and politician.


Texas Independence

Houston’s most significant contributions came during the Texas Revolution. In 1832, he moved to Texas and was soon elected as a delegate to the Convention of 1833, where he advocated for greater autonomy for the territory. In 1835, he was appointed commander-in-chief of the Texas army and led the troops to victory at the Battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836, securing Texas’ independence from Mexico. Houston guaranteed liberty for Texas.



After Texas gained its independence, Houston was elected as the first president of the Republic of Texas, serving from 1836 to 1838 and again from 1841 to 1844. He was instrumental in securing recognition of Texas as an independent nation by the United States and other countries. In 1845, Texas was annexed by the United States, and Houston was elected as one of the state’s first two senators.



Sam Houston’s life was marked by great achievements and challenges. He rose from humble beginnings to become one of the most important figures in Texas history. His leadership and courage during the Texas Revolution secured the state’s independence and set the course for its future. Despite his successes, he was also a flawed individual who struggled with alcoholism and personal demons. Nevertheless, his contributions to Texas and the United States continue to inspire generations of Texans and Americans.

Sam’s legacy is seen throughout the state. Aside from the city of Houston, numerous schools and institutions take their name from this iconic man.


Sam Houston was a remarkable individual who shaped Texas history in many ways. His life was a testament to the power of resilience and perseverance in the face of adversity. He embodied the values of leadership, courage, and determination, and his legacy continues to inspire Texans and people around the world. Sam Houston’s impact on Texas history and American history cannot be overstated, and his name will forever be synonymous with the state and its struggle for independence.